The following glossary contains definitions of terms pertaining to migraine disease.

Abdominal Migraine

Unexplained abdominal pain – with anorexia, nausea, vomiting and pallor – and no symptoms between attacks

Alice-in-Wonderland Syndrome

A feeling or perception of one’s own body parts incorrectly


A nerve-related condition where pain is felt from stimuli that do not normally cause the sensation of pain, such as warm or cold temperatures or gentle pressure on the skin


Persistent sense of imbalance 

Autonomic Nasal Dysfunction

Unexplained nasal congestion and a runny nose

Central Auditory Processing Disorder

Difficulty in understanding what people are saying, despite having a normal hearing test.

Chronic Sinusitis

Pressure or pain across the forehead, behind the eyes or across the face that occurs frequently


Inconsolable crying, tense abdominal muscles, clenched fists and curled legs, often after eating in babies 

Expressive Apraxia

Difficulty speaking sometimes without another explanation.


Chronic widespread pain and tenderness


Nausea, vomiting, belching, bloating, abdominal discomfort 

Irritable bowel syndrome

Abdominal pain and bloating, associated with bowel movements

Mal de Debarquement

A persistent feeling of the ground moving, especially after getting off a boat

Neurogenic cough

An unexplained dry persistent cough

Oromandibular Dystonia

Forceful contractions of the face, jaw, and/or tongue causing difficulty in opening and closing the mouth and often affecting chewing and speech.


Sensitivity to smells 


Detecting awful smells that others do not.


Being on the job but, because of illness or other medical conditions, not fully functioning.

Restless Leg Syndrome

Sleep disturbances, such as difficulty sleeping (central sleep disorder) or the urge to move one’s legs or odd leg feelings.

Temporomandibular pain

Stabbing pain around and deep in one ear 


A hissing, ringing or other noise in the ear that others do not hear


Burning, stinging or pain in the vaginal region 

These FAQs provide answers to some of the most frequently asked questions.

What can the Association of Migraine Disorders (AMD) do to help me?

We do not provide individual treatment recommendations.  We provide the tools to pursue new activities, learn more about your condition, provide a community, a hub of connections to resources.

What can I do if nothing works?

Everyone who works on the AMD team is devoted to finding a better life for you.

Make sure that you have reviewed the full range of options, particularly new medications and therapies, with a headache specialist

Channel that frustration into some positive energy.

  • Consider recording your personal story and send it to us as an essay, piece of art or video with permission for us to share it on our website and other social media

  • Consider becoming a member of Team Migraine

  • Join us for one of our AMD events

  • Start a local chapter of AMD

  • Develop your own fundraising event

Are there alternatives to taking medications for my migraine symptoms?

While we do believe that there are specific flaws in our bodies that predispose some people more than others to migraine symptoms, this does not mean that AMD believes that medication is the only solution to controlling this disease.  There are many lifestyle changes, including dietary changes, which are known to be effective.  There are alternative therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, biofeedback, and stress reduction, which are known to help.  Some supplements, such as riboflavin, magnesium, and feverfew, can be safe and effective.  And there are different forms of electromodulation and Botox.